Read these instructions carefully before use.
Low stretch kernmantel ropes (static ropes) are designed for protection of persons working at height and above free depth, for use in rope access, speleology, human rescue and other similar activities (combined ascent and descent of persons, safety device for work positioning in rope access, lowering and raising of persons in rescue, as a means for ascent, descent and horizontal motion in speleology).
Neither the manufacturer nor the distributor shall be held responsible for damages caused by improper use of the low stretch kernmantel rope (referred to as “rope” hereinafter).
- Use of low stretch kernmantel ropes according to EN 1891
There are two types of static ropes available, type A ropes and type B ropes. Type B ropes are sized for a lower performance than type A ropes. Both rope types must be protected in use against mechanical damages (abrasion, cutting, chafing, etc). The ropes are not designed for arresting falls, the user shall avoid this risk. Check before use that the rope is compatible with the remaining parts of your equipment. The manufacturer recommends to test the whole equipment in a safe place with no risk of fall.
- Type A ropes shall be preferred to type B ropes for protection of persons working at height and above free depth, for use in rope access, speleology, human rescue and other similar activities (combined ascent and descent of persons, safety device for work positioning in rope access, lowering and raising of persons in rescue, as a means for ascent, descent and horizontal motion in speleology).
- Always keep in mind that activities at heights are risky activities. These activities may be accomplished only by persons who are in good health. Serious diseases or poor actual state of health may affect the user’s safety during normal or emergency use. This product may be used for work and rescue activities only by persons who are skilled and trained for activities at heights according to special regulations, or under direct guidance and supervision of such a person. Instructions and advice on how to behave properly and safely when performing activities at heights can be received from persons who are authorized to perform training in those activities.
- The user is recommended to be made acquainted with rescue operations in case of an accident prior to using the static ropes. The user shall have a rescue plan in place to deal with any emergencies that could arise during the work.
- The user is obligated to inspect the rope prior to use, after use and after any extraordinary event. When in doubt about the condition of the rope, do not use it any longer.
The user shall make no alterations of the rope without the prior written consent of LANEX a.s. and any repair shall only be carried out in accordance with recommendations of LANEX a.s.
Additional important recommendations for ropes are specified in EN 1891, Annex A.
For contact (use together) with the rope do not use products that are not intended for this purpose or do not comply with applicable technical standards. Special attention should be paid to the selection of belaying elements which have to take account of the rope diameter.
The belaying system must be attached at a reliable anchor point which is placed above the position of the user. Low stretch kernmantel ropes may be used for static belaying only, they must not be used for progressive belaying. Using the static ropes requires training in techniques of making and using knots.
- The ropes TENDON 10, 11 Aramid meet the requirements of EN 1891 with the exception of clauses 4.10 and 4.11.
Selected types of ropes designed for canyoning (e.g., Canyon Wet) are not certified according to EN 1891 because the melting temperature of the material is lower than required by EN 1891 (i.e., 195 °C). The other general rules for rope use apply to these products as well. Additional information can be found on the rope tag.
The maximum recommended loading of the rope is 1/10 of the nominal strength of the rope.
- Cleaning and disinfection of ropes
Contaminated rope may be washed in lukewarm soapy water 30 °C (86 °F). Rinse the rope carefully with water and leave it in a shady place for drying, away from radiant heat sources. Do not use high-pressure washing machines. Keep the rope clean – long-term effect of mechanical impurities between the rope fibres will damage the rope.
The ropes shall not be allowed to come into contact with any chemicals (as organic chemicals, oils, acid, paints, petroleum products, etc.) or their vapours. Do not use a rope contaminated with a chemical substance any longer.
For disinfection of static ropes, use a weak 1% solution of potassium permanganate.
- Life span
If all general instructions for safe use of static ropes are observed, the following tentative life span data may be recommended:
Intensive – everyday use less than 1 year
Regular use (year-round) 1 year to 2 years
Regular use (seasonal) 2 to 3 years
Occasional use (once a month) 3 to 5 years
Sporadic use 5 to 7 years
Unused rope 10 years maximum
- Identification and marking of static ropes
There is an identification tape inside the rope which contains the following information
rope manufacturer: LANEX
rope made in accordance with: EN 1891
rope type: type A or type B
rope material: (e.g., PA – polyamide, PP – polypropylene, Aramid, ...)
year of manufactured
The colour marker thread identifies the calendar year of manufacture of the rope:
2002 red/green, 2003 red/black, 2004 green, 2005 blue, 2006 yellow, 2007 black
2008 red/yellow, 2009 blue/yellow, 2010 green/yellow, 2011 black/yellow, 2012 red/blue.
Adverse effects on the life span of static ropes
If a polyamide rope becomes wet or if a wet rope freezes up, its static and dynamic properties are significantly reduced.
Avoid leading the rope over sharp edges (both natural and artificial, e.g. progressive belaying with an extremely small diameter of the contact area of the belaying element). Do not use the rope if it has been mechanically or chemically damaged. Every knot in a rope reduces its strength – use recommended knots only.
UV radiation reduces the strength of materials from which the rope is made.
Do not use the rope if there is any doubt about conditions of its safe use or after the rope has arrested a hard fall (fall factor higher than f = 1, see EN 1891). Such a product may be used again only if a competent person confirms in writing that it is acceptable to do so.
Warning:Shrinkage is a natural property of polyamide fibres. Kernmantel ropes shrink as a result of effects of moisture (steam, raindrops, ...), external conditions (immersion of the rope in water, e.g. in canyoning, ...) and way of using the rope (top rope belaying, ...). The shrinkage of ropes may make up to 5 – 10 % of the rope length in extreme cases.
- Other reasons for rejection of the rope
damaged fibres of the rope sheath in one place, hard spots under the rope sheath indicating the possibility of local damages to the core or local changes in rope diameter (bulges, narrow portions, etc.), clusters of fused fibres in the rope sheath, direct contact with open flame, rope exceeded the life span recommended by the manufacturer.
- Storage and transportation
The rope shall be stored away from heat sources and direct sunlight. Recommended relative humidity and temperature within the storeroom should be 60 % and 20 °C, respectively. For transportation of the rope, it is recommended to use a packaging that will protect the rope from damage, dirt or contamination by aggressive substances.
- Static ropes are being tested in conformity with EN 1891.
Designation of ropes according to this standard, for instance: A 10.5 mm means – rope type A (or type B), rope diameter 10.5 mm (expressed in millimetres always).
- Each end of the rope is terminated by the manufacturer with COMPACT TERMINATION. It is a unique technology of terminating ropes. The core and the sheath are connected into a single compact unit in the last 15 mm of the rope length. If the user divides the rope, the rope must be terminated so as the core and the sheath to form a single unit (e.g., by melting the ends above an alcohol burner or cutting the ends with a hot knife). The rope ends must have no sharp edges.
- The belaying system should incorporate a reliable anchor point above the user. The user must avoid any sag of the rope between the user and the anchor point. For rope intended for use in fall arrest systems, it is essential for safety that the anchor device or anchor point should be always positioned and the work carried out in such a way as to minimize both the potential for falls and potential fall distance.
For rope intended for use in fall arrest systems, it is essential for safety to verify the free space required beneath the user at the workplace before each occasion of use so that, in the case of a fall, there will be no collision with the ground or other obstacle in the fall path. The proper function of the rope may be affected by extremes of temperature, looping or trailing of the rope over sharp edges, chemical reagents, electrical conductivity, abrasion, exposure to adverse climatic effects, pendulous motion during a fall, etc.
- In case of climbing activities where risk of falls is imminent frequently (mountaineering or speleology), the use of dynamic ropes meeting the requirements of EN 892 Mountaineering equipment – Dynamic mountaineering ropes should be considered.
When using the rope as a belaying element, also other European Standards shall be taken into account:
EN 353-2 Personal protective equipment against falls from a height – Guided type fall arresters including a flexible anchor line.
EN 341 Personal protective equipment against falls from a height – Descender devices.
EN 365 Personal protective equipment against falls from a height – General requirements for instructions for use, maintenance, periodic examination, repair, marking and packaging.
- After the rope has been shortened (cut), it is necessary to equip both rope ends with external tapes containing the following information: rope type A or B according to EN 1891, rope diameter in mm (e.g., A 10.5 mm), number of standard EN 1891.
Ropes that are used separately or in a protective system for prevention of falls from a height and into a depth, have to be examined by the manufacturer or a competent person authorized by the manufacturer at least once every twelve months.
The manufacturer shall not be held responsible for any accident which was caused by the use of a damaged rope which was to be withdrawn from use.
Ropes withdrawn from use must be marked or deteriorated in a way which will guarantee that further use of the ropes will be made impossible.
It is essential for the safety of the user that if the rope is re-sold outside the original country of destination, the reseller shall provide the user with instructions for use, maintenance, periodic examination and repair in the language of the country in which the product is to be used.